Aprilci Flora

Flora


Apriltsi is a part of Central Balkan. Central Balkan National Park preserves for the world more than half of the flora species of Bulgaria. Just higher plants are over 1 900 ha
In Central Balkan National Park there are many rare and limited in their distribution plants called endemics. Ten of them are local occur only in the park. Bulgarian endemics are also 10 and the Balkan ones - 67. Highly valuable component of the park are the medicinal plants -166 species. The beech forests are the most common and most valuable ones - their realm spreads over 26 000 ha. They are fully natural, most of them centuries-old. Forests of trees  over 150 years old patriarchs take up more than 14 000 ha, and there are viable stands older than 240 years.

silver fit Silver Fir
(Abies alba Mill./

The silver fir could reach up to 50 m in height. The needles are flat dark-green above and having two white lines beneath. The cones of the tree are upright and large and after the maturation of seeds the cones fall apart. Occurs in high  mountains in Bulgaria and is generally distributed in central and southern Europe.

Common beech  (Fag us sylvatica L.)

This is the most typical forest tree in Apriltsi area and Central Balkan National Park. It occupies the largest area of all trees, could be found mostly on the northern slopes.  It has highly significant water retaining and water protection capacity.

European Hornbeam (Carpinus betulus L.)

European hornbeam is frequently occurring species in Apriltsi area. It could be seen to grow together with either beech or oaks, but could form also pure stands. Its leaves resemble those of the beech, but are smaller. The species occurs up to about 1000 m above the sea level

Durmast oak, Sessile oak(Quercus dalechampii Ten)

The species is а tall tiee with typical lobed leaves with long leaf stems.  Its fruit are called acorns. Durmast oak grows mostly on the dry  southern slopes of Central Balkan the lower parts of Bulgarian mountains.
Common Aspen,Trembling Aspen (Topulus tremula)

The species is a tall tree, up to. 25 m, with soft timber. In windy weather Its leaves make typical sound. Common Aspen grows in lower and warm pats of the country, along river banks. The species distributed in Europe, and in northern Asia.
Hungarian Oak, Italian Oak (Quercus frainetto Ten)

In Bulgaria the species occurs widely up to about 1000 m a.s.l. in plains or on mountainous slopes with southerly, westerly or south-westerly exposure. In most cases it belongs to the composition of mixed deciduous  forests. The area of its natural  distribution covers Italy, South-Eastern Europe and Asia Minor
Norway Spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst)

Norway spruce is a very tall tree with a straight stem. The needles of the species are short and dark-green. The cones are cylindrical, hanging from the lateral branches. It is widely distributed
species in Central Balkan National Park and gives the aspect of one part of the coniferous forests here. The general distribution of the species covers entire Europe.
 
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